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[螺纹] NPT和NPTF 检验方法

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发表于 2008-11-27 10:51:57 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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NPT Vs. NPTF Taper Pipe Threads
The two most common taper pipe threads used in the United States are NPT and NPTF. Applications range from electrical conduits and hand railings to high-pressure pipe lines that carry gas or caustic fluids. NPT threads are for mechanical or low-pressure air or fluid applications and require the use of sealing compounds like Teflon tape, to provide the seal. When the application is more critical, and the sealing compound may fail due to high heat or pressure, NPTF Dryseal threads are used. This mechanical seal is produced by the mating and slight crushing of the threads when a wrench is applied to tighten the fittings.
NPT和NPTF螺纹是两种美国最常用的锥管螺纹。应用范围从电线管道和扶手到运送煤气或腐蚀性液体的高压管线。NPT用于机械的或者低压的气体和液体,要求使用密封剂来保证密封。当密封要求严格时,密封剂可能由于高温高压会失效,这时可以采用NPTF干密封螺纹。当用扳手上紧配件时,这种机械密封会在螺纹配合和轻微的变形来生成密封效果。
Visually, both threads appear to be identical. Both have a ¾” taper over one foot of length. Both have the same pitch diameter at the top of the hole of internal threads or end of the pipe on external threads, and both have the same thread lengths or depths. However, there is a subtle difference in the thread form that differentiates the two. The major and minor diameters of both threads differ slightly. With NPT threads, after a wrench is applied, slight spaces at the major and minor diameters may exist that would allow the assembly to leak and therefore a sealing compound is used to fill any gaps. On the other hand, NPTF threads are designed to ensure that sufficient crushing of the entire thread form will take place to produce a mechanical seal.
这两种螺纹在目测时是相同的。两种在一英尺的长度上都有3/4的锥度。在内螺纹的孔的顶端或者外螺纹的管的端部拥有相同的中径,而且拥有相同的螺纹长度和深度。尽管如此,在螺纹牙型上还是有细微的差别。两螺纹的大直径和小直径上有细微的差别。对于NPT螺纹,使用扳手上紧后,在大直径和小直径上可能允许装配后漏气,因此会使用密封剂来填充所有的间隙。另一方面,NPTF螺纹的设计用于保证在整个牙形上产生足够的变形以生成这种机械密封。
How does the difference in thread forms effect the tooling used to produce NPT and NPTF threads? Taps are available for both NPT and NPTF threads having the appropriate form to produce each type of thread. Since NPT threaded parts require sealing compounds, it is acceptable to use an NPTF tap for NPT applications. However, NPT taps cannot be used for NPTF applications, as it will likely produce a thread that will leak. The same is true of external threads. In most cases the tap drill is the same for both forms.
牙型的不同如何影响使用的工具来生产NPT和NPTF螺纹?NPT和NPTF螺纹牙形都是采用丝锥来生产每种螺纹。因为NPT螺纹零件要求密封剂,用NPTF丝锥在攻NPT螺纹是可以接受的。但是NPT丝锥不能用于NPTF螺纹,因为它生产的螺纹会漏气。
The most significant difference in the two threads is the inspection required. Since sealing compounds will be used for NPT threads, only a single plug with a step, known as an L1 plug (internal thread) or a single thin L1 ring (external) are required to check size. However, since the taper and the position of major and minor diameters are so critical to the sealing of NPTF threads, the additional threads in the assembly known as L2 and L3, and the major and minor diameters are inspected with either special plug or ring gages.
最大的不同是这两种螺纹的检查要求。因为NPT螺纹要使用密封剂,只要用一个塞规,大家叫L1规(内螺纹)或L1环规(外螺纹)来检查尺寸。但是,因为锥度和大直径,小直径对NPTF螺纹的密封很重要,因此要求其他的螺纹验规L2和L3规,大直径和小直径要用特殊的塞规或环规来检验。

NPTF和NPT螺纹的检验方法Method_of_gaging_product_-_ANPT_&_NPTF.pdf

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发表于 2010-3-1 11:04:24 | 显示全部楼层
我们用 NPT 检查产品, 确认规格做错了. 如何知道是哪一部分错了.
发表于 2010-3-3 12:18:02 | 显示全部楼层
NPTF与NPT螺纹在检验方法上是一致的,也可用NPTF塞规检验NPT螺纹。
发表于 2010-4-23 16:44:20 | 显示全部楼层
瞎说,那不就没区别了,可用nptf L1 规检 Npt
发表于 2010-4-23 17:27:32 | 显示全部楼层
支持!按照我们的惯例,可以用ANPT和NPTF检验NPT,反之不可以!ANPT亦不可检验NPTF。
发表于 2010-5-17 21:30:18 | 显示全部楼层
NPT和NPTF的主要区别是什么呀?
发表于 2011-2-24 17:11:07 | 显示全部楼层
好东西 ,顶起啊~
发表于 2011-7-23 16:41:03 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主,找了好久了
发表于 2011-7-26 16:08:18 | 显示全部楼层
ANPT和NPTF是接近的,要求较高,NPT相对来说要求比较低一些。
使用螺纹规检验时,NPT螺纹只需要用L1螺纹规;NPTF检验至少要用到L1,L3螺纹规,如果是NPTF 1级螺纹,还要用到L2螺纹规。
发表于 2012-10-9 21:47:36 | 显示全部楼层
THANK YOU FOR YOU HELP
发表于 2012-10-11 06:30:47 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主,下载了,学习一下
发表于 2012-11-5 22:53:38 | 显示全部楼层
先谢谢了!下载来看看
发表于 2013-1-17 10:18:55 | 显示全部楼层
学习一下,谢谢分享
发表于 2013-1-17 10:19:13 | 显示全部楼层
学习一下,谢谢分享
GMW 该用户已被删除
发表于 2013-3-19 18:50:37 | 显示全部楼层
NPT螺纹  美制密封螺纹的    牙型角  60 度    锥度   1:16  
NPTF螺纹       干密封螺纹  密封时不用填料。 牙型角  60 度    锥度   1:16  
李晓滨老师的《公制、美制、英制螺纹手册》上有详细介绍。
发表于 2014-2-28 13:51:40 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主 好人
发表于 2015-1-9 15:38:10 | 显示全部楼层
多谢楼主,谢谢
发表于 2019-6-15 11:40:32 | 显示全部楼层
学习一下,谢谢分享
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